Sydney Church - The Angelican Church
Because the first settlers in
Sydney, Australia were mainly English, most of the churches
built were by the Church of England or Anglican Church. The
Anglican Church has as its head the reigning monarch of
Great Britain whether King or Queen. Founded in the
seventeenth century when the Tudors reigned over England,
Henry VIII declared himself supreme leader of the church in
England so that he might divorce his queen and marry Ann
Boleyn. Thus the Church of England was born.
The following are the Anglican
churches found in Sydney:
1800s – Building was
originally a courthouse.
1824 – Year it was
consecrated and became the second colonial church.
It was designed by Francis Greenway.
1832 – John Vurge
designed the vestries. Both he and Greenway were
convicts shipped to the new colony.
Oldest church in
Sydney after St. Philips’s was burned down.
1802 – Parish of St. Philip’s was established.
1848 – Building of the churched commenced.
1856 – Blessed by Bishop Fredric Barker.
- St. Andrew’s Cathedral –
Sydney Square, George Street
1819 – The year it was
1868 – The year it was
First and oldest
cathedral in Australia.
1840 – The church was
1844 – The first mass
2000 – The church was
1840 – Construction on
the church began. It was built on the area of the
parish hall and was designed by Henry Robertson.
1841 – The church was
1845 – Consecration of
Though there are predominantly
Anglican churches in Sydney, there are also some Catholic
churches. This is because there were Catholics among the
first convicts and officers who came to settle in Sydney.
The following are the Roman
Catholic churches found in Sydney:
1840 – Start of
building under the direction of Australia’s first
Bishop, Dr. John Bede Polding.
1844 – Officially
started to serve the public.
standing Catholic Church.
Majority of the
statues in St. Patrick’s came from France.
1821 – Work on the
building began. Gov. Lachlan Macquarie laid the
1835 – The First
Archbishop of Sydney took up residence here.
1865 – The Cathedral
was engulfed by a fire. It was rebuilt the same
St. Mary’s was the first Catholic Church built in
Sydney. Its position as the oldest Catholic Church
was usurped by St. Patrick’s after the 1865 fire.