Macquarie Lighthouse, Sydney, Australia
Because Sydney is surrounded
by water, it is only natural that
there should be numerous
lighthouses built around the harbour.
They discovered this in the year 1793 when the first settlers
light to guide them to the shores. A makeshift
tripod beacon with a
basket containing coal and wood to
fuel the fire was erected.
Between 1816 -1818, the very first
lighthouse was erected under the direction of Governor
Macquarie. The architect was Francis Greenway, a convict
who designed several of the impressive Sydney buildings
during the early years of its colonial history. He
impressed the governor so much that he was subsequently
Although the design was superior for its time with a
revolving light apparatus that was powered by a mechanism
used for clocks flashed every minute, and was visible as far
as 22 miles, the new lighthouse was
constructed with inferior sandstone material which led to
its deterioration within five years.