Sydney Botany Bay
A fine harbour can be found just a few kilometers from Sydney’s
central business district, Botany Bay is the site for
Australia’s largest airport, Kingsford Smith International
Airport or simply Sydney Airport.
Here just some historical facts of Botany Bay what
happend centuries ago.
- April 28, 1770 – Lieutenant James Cook arrives in
the Endeavor (English barque) at Botany Bay (then called
Stingray Bay) with two botanists, Dr. Daniel Solander
and Mr. Joseph Banks.
It is also important to note that this is the first
place the colonizers came across the locals of the
continent, the Aborigines.
- .January 17, 1788 – The first fleet into Botany Bay
was brought by Captain Arthur Phillip. His intention was
to establish a penal colony. But on closer inspection,
he found it unsuitable (no water, infertile soil,
insufficient anchorage, and shallow reefs) for this
purpose and moved on to Port Jackson which was a much
better location to build the first penal colony.
- A few days after Phillip’s landing, Jean Francois de
Galaup, Comte de Laperouse, the French explorer arrived
at historic La Perouse (named after him) on Botany Bay.
He disappeared with his fleet after leaving Botany Bay.
- 1815 – Botany Bay on Kurnell became a British colony
and the first farm, Alpha farm, was established by James
A little less that 450
hectares, Botany Bay National Park is a mixture of cultural
and natural history. It is located at the site of the first
meeting between Lt. Cook and the Aborigines of Australia and
the first landing place of the Comte de Laperouse.
Present day Botany Bay, on the
Kurnell area, was once occupied by Aborigines of the
Dharawal nation called Gweagal for more than 10,000 years
before Cook’s expedition to Australia (which was then called
Features of Botany Bay
Laperouse Museum and the
Discovery Centre – features colonization and exploration
Banks-Solander Track –
named after the two botanists who first came in contact
with Botany Bay’s rich vegetation, it gives an insight
into what these botanists must have seen when they first
arrived at this harbour.
Cape Baily Coast Walk –
the views here are great, from breathtaking coasts,
emerald green heaths, and colonial sites.
The southernmost part of
the bay is dedicated to historic and cultural events for
visitors such as festivals, cultural activities,
historic walks and improved tourist facilities.
Activities at Botany Bay:
Whale Watching – Cape
Solander offers a great view of this spectacular
occurrence during whale migration season
Family Picnics – less
crowded and leisurely
Walking Tracks – historic